MarineBio Conservation SocietyEcology Research News   :: ScienceDaily

Theory suggests root efficiency, independence drove global spread of flora

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 13:18:41 EST ~ Researchers suggest that plants spread worldwide thanks to root adaptations that allowed them to become more efficient and independent. As plant species spread, roots became thinner so they could more efficiently explore poor soils for nutrients, and they shed their reliance on symbiotic fungi. The researchers report that root diameter and reliance on fungi most consistently characterize the plant communities across entire biomes such as deserts, savannas and temperate forests. Find out more...

Climate change, evolution, and what happens when researchers are also friends

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 17:03:51 EST ~ A new study that addresses how climate change is affecting the evolution of organisms underscores the need for evolutionary, ecosystem and climate scientists to work together to better understand eco-evolutionary feedback dynamics. Find out more...

Biodiversity loss raises risk of 'extinction cascades'

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 15:50:19 EST ~ New research shows that the loss of biodiversity can increase the risk of 'extinction cascades', where an initial species loss leads to a domino effect of further extinctions. Find out more...

Illegal global trade of pangolins

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 11:39:16 EST ~ Animal traffickers are taking advantage of remote ivory trade routes to smuggle pangolins one of the worlds most endangered animals out of Central Africa, a new study has found. Find out more...

New treatment strategies for chronic kidney disease from the animal kingdom

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 11:05:27 EST ~ Biomimetics offers an innovative approach to solving human problems by imitating strategies found in nature. Medical research could also benefit from biomimetics as scientists point out using the example of chronic kidney disease. In future research, they intend to study the mechanisms that protect the muscles, organs and bones of certain animals during extreme conditions such as hibernation. Find out more...

The more kinds of bees, the better for humans

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 14:17:07 EST ~ The bigger the area to pollinate, the more species of wild bees you need to pollinate it. Find out more...

Hunting is changing forests, but not as expected

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 12:50:22 EST ~ In many tropical forests, over-hunting is diminishing the populations of animals who are vital for dispersing the seeds of woody plants. Those same plants are vital for carbon storage and previous theoretical modeling studies predicted dire consequences to defaunation, this research suggests otherwise. Instead the data shows the effects on the ecosystem are less straightforward and less immediately devastating. Find out more...

Hurricanes Irma and Maria temporarily altered choruses of land and sea animals

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 12:50:16 EST ~ Audio recordings of Hurricanes Irma and Maria's passage over Puerto Rico document how the calls of coastal critters changed in response to the deadly storms. The hurricanes caused a major disruption in the acoustic activity of snapping shrimp, a reduction in insect and bird sounds, and potentially an intensification of fish choruses, according to new research. Find out more...

For tropical forest birds, old neighborhoods matter

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 10:57:37 EST ~ Old, complex tropical forests support a wider diversity of birds than second-growth forests and have irreplaceable value for conservation, according to an exhaustive analysis of bird diversity in the mountains of southern Costa Rica. Find out more...

Scientist studies effects of wildfire management on bird populations

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 18:17:40 EST ~ On the tail of California's most destructive and expensive year of firefighting ever, it might seem obvious that vegetation removal would reduce the risk of such a year happening again. But scientists are showing that in chaparral, California's iconic shrubland ecosystem, management can devastate wild bird populations and that fire-risk reduction is only temporary. Find out more...