MarineBio Conservation SocietyEcosystem News   :: ScienceDaily

How plants protect themselves by emitting scent cues for birds

Wed, 15 Aug 2018 12:40:09 EDT ~ When plants are in distress or being fed on by insects, they have been known to send out sensory volatile cues that alert organisms in the area -- such as birds -- that they are in need of help. While research has shown that this occurs in ecosystems such as forests, until now, this phenomenon has never been demonstrated in an agricultural setting. Find out more...

Extending palm oil production in Africa threatens primate conservation

Wed, 15 Aug 2018 10:29:21 EDT ~ Future expansion of the palm oil industry could have a dramatic impact on African primates. Find out more...

Effects of climate warming seen in tallgrass prairie ecosystem

Tue, 14 Aug 2018 13:42:08 EDT ~ Ecologists have completed a new study on the effects of climate warming on soil microbes in a long-term climate change experiment at a tallgrass prairie ecosystem. The new study shows that climate warming will affect microbial communities in the future, and future community states will be more predictable under warmed climate. Eventually, microbial communities will produce different functions and feedbacks to climate warming. Find out more...

Sea stars critical to kelp forest resilience

Mon, 13 Aug 2018 10:03:00 EDT ~ A study by a resource and environmental management researcher reveals that sunflower sea stars play a critical role in the resilience of B.C.'s kelp forests, which are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth. Similar to land-based forests, kelp forests provide essential habitat for species and also help remove CO2 from the atmosphere. Find out more...

Deep in the weeds: Using eDNA sequencing to survey pondweed diversity

Fri, 10 Aug 2018 13:26:05 EDT ~ Researchers have developed a protocol using environmental DNA (eDNA) to identify aquatic plant diversity, making ecological biodiversity surveys of these plant communities faster and less expensive. Their study on pondweeds -- an important bioindicator of aquatic ecosystem health -- allows researchers to overcome difficulties in monitoring and identification, and draw conclusions regarding plant diversity and water quality. eDNA is a rapidly emerging technique, but its use in aquatic habitats has been understudied. Find out more...

Fresh insight into invasive plant that blights UK rivers

Fri, 10 Aug 2018 12:00:29 EDT ~ New research into the behavior of an invasive plant seen on riverbanks across the UK could help improve the management of the problem, experts have found. Find out more...

Ice sheets of the last ice age seeded the ocean with essential nutrient silica

Fri, 10 Aug 2018 09:10:52 EDT ~ New research led by glaciologists and isotope geochemists has found that melting ice sheets provide the surrounding oceans with the essential nutrient silica. Find out more...

Back to the future of climate change

Thu, 09 Aug 2018 12:55:46 EDT ~ Researchers are looking to the geologic past to make future projections about climate change. Their research focuses on the ancient Tethys Ocean (site of the present-day Mediterranean Sea) and provides a benchmark for present and future climate and ocean models. Find out more...

NASA satellites assist states in estimating abundance of key wildlife species

Thu, 09 Aug 2018 09:34:55 EDT ~ Climate and land-use change are shrinking natural wildlife habitats around the world. Yet despite their importance to rural economies and natural ecosystems, remarkably little is known about the geographic distribution of most wild species -- especially those that migrate seasonally over large areas. Find out more...

Lichen is losing to wildfire, years after flames are gone

Thu, 09 Aug 2018 09:34:45 EDT ~ As increasingly hot and severe wildfires scorch the West, some lichen communities integral to conifer forests aren't returning, even years after the flames have been extinguished, according to a study from scientists at the University of California, Davis. Find out more...