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'Green'-feed: Industrial microbes could feed cattle, pigs, chicken

Wed, 20 Jun 2018 09:48:25 EDT ~ Today, producing feed for pigs, cattle and chicken causes immense impacts for the climate and the environment. In the future, animal feed production is likely to be shifted from croplands to large-scale industrial facilities as it could bring both financial and environmental benefits. Replacing 2 percent feed with protein-rich microbes could decrease agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, global cropland area and nitrogen losses by over 5 percent. Find out more...

Climate change to overtake land use as major threat to global biodiversity

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 23:08:46 EDT ~ Climate change will have a rapidly increasing effect on the structure of global ecological communities over the next few decades, with amphibians and reptiles being significantly more affected than birds and mammals, a new report finds. Find out more...

Machine learning may be a game-changer for climate prediction

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 17:35:47 EDT ~ New research demonstrates that machine-learning techniques can be used to accurately represent clouds and their atmospheric heating and moistening, and better represent clouds in coarse resolution climate models, with the potential to narrow the range of climate prediction. This could be a major advance in accurate predictions of global warming in response to increased greenhouse gas concentrations that are essential for policy-makers (e.g. the Paris climate agreement). Find out more...

Ocean's heat cycle shows that atmospheric carbon may be headed elsewhere

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 13:28:43 EDT ~ A new study examined the global carbon cycle and suggests that scientists may have misgauged how carbon is distributed around the world, particularly between the northern and southern hemispheres. The results could change projections of how, when and where the currently massive levels of atmospheric carbon will result in environmental changes such as ocean acidification. Find out more...

Palm oil: The carbon cost of deforestation

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 12:30:18 EDT ~ Palm oil has become part of our daily lives, but a recent study serves as a reminder that intensive farming of this crop has a major impact on the environment. Both short- and long-term solutions exist, however. The article analyzed the carbon costs and benefits of converting rainforests into oil palm plantations. Find out more...

Climate action can limit Asia's growing water shortages

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 12:24:53 EDT ~ Even 'modest' action to limit climate change could help prevent the most extreme water-shortage scenarios facing Asia by the year 2050, according to a new study. Find out more...

New model for gauging ice sheet movement may improve sea-level-rise predictions

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 12:24:31 EDT ~ Researchers discovered friction -- or 'basal drag' -- between ice sheets and the hard bed underneath has no influence on how fast glaciers flow. Find out more...

Local interventions boost coral's resilience to bleaching

Mon, 18 Jun 2018 22:24:30 EDT ~ Local conservation actions can significantly boost coral's resilience to, and recovery from, climate-induced thermal bleaching by reducing other energy-sapping stresses the coral faces, a new study finds. Scientists found they could reduce the extent of bleaching by half if they removed or reduced populations of coral-eating snails from affected reefs. The coral's recovery from bleaching was also enhanced. Find out more...

Meeting Paris climate targets will require a substantial reallocation of global investment

Mon, 18 Jun 2018 11:30:33 EDT ~ A new analysis by an international team of scientists shows that low carbon investments will need to markedly increase if the world is to achieve the Paris Agreement aim of keeping global warming well below 2C. Find out more...

Rising sea temperatures threaten survival of juvenile albatross

Mon, 18 Jun 2018 10:26:05 EDT ~ Changes in sea surface temperature affect the survival of albatross during their first year at sea, resulting in a reduced population growth rate when temperatures are warmer than the current average, a new study has revealed. Find out more...