MarineBio Conservation SocietySustainability News   :: ScienceDaily

New World Atlas of Desertification shows unprecedented pressure on planet's resources

Thu, 21 Jun 2018 11:19:58 EDT ~ The World Desertification Atlas by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre provides the first comprehensive, evidence-based assessment of land degradation at a global level and highlights the urgency to adopt corrective measures. Find out more...

'Green'-feed: Industrial microbes could feed cattle, pigs, chicken

Wed, 20 Jun 2018 09:48:25 EDT ~ Today, producing feed for pigs, cattle and chicken causes immense impacts for the climate and the environment. In the future, animal feed production is likely to be shifted from croplands to large-scale industrial facilities as it could bring both financial and environmental benefits. Replacing 2 percent feed with protein-rich microbes could decrease agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, global cropland area and nitrogen losses by over 5 percent. Find out more...

Machine learning may be a game-changer for climate prediction

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 17:35:47 EDT ~ New research demonstrates that machine-learning techniques can be used to accurately represent clouds and their atmospheric heating and moistening, and better represent clouds in coarse resolution climate models, with the potential to narrow the range of climate prediction. This could be a major advance in accurate predictions of global warming in response to increased greenhouse gas concentrations that are essential for policy-makers (e.g. the Paris climate agreement). Find out more...

Palm oil: The carbon cost of deforestation

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 12:30:18 EDT ~ Palm oil has become part of our daily lives, but a recent study serves as a reminder that intensive farming of this crop has a major impact on the environment. Both short- and long-term solutions exist, however. The article analyzed the carbon costs and benefits of converting rainforests into oil palm plantations. Find out more...

Overuse of agricultural chemicals on China's small farms harms health and environment

Mon, 18 Jun 2018 22:25:11 EDT ~ The size of farms in China is a key contributor to the overuse of agricultural chemicals, and as a result they may be too small to be environmentally sustainable, a new study has found. Find out more...

Meeting Paris climate targets will require a substantial reallocation of global investment

Mon, 18 Jun 2018 11:30:33 EDT ~ A new analysis by an international team of scientists shows that low carbon investments will need to markedly increase if the world is to achieve the Paris Agreement aim of keeping global warming well below 2C. Find out more...

Bolder targets needed to protect nature for people's sake

Mon, 18 Jun 2018 11:30:14 EDT ~ Researchers argue that the world needs more diverse, ambitious and area-specific targets for retaining important natural systems to safeguard humanity. Find out more...

Large outdoor study shows biodiversity improves stability of algal biofuel systems

Mon, 18 Jun 2018 10:26:33 EDT ~ A diverse mix of species improves the stability and fuel-oil yield of algal biofuel systems, as well as their resistance to invasion by outsiders, according to the new findings. Find out more...

Better be safe than sorry: Economic optimization risks tipping of Earth system elements

Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:44:29 EDT ~ Optimizing economic welfare without constraints might put human well-being at risk, a new climate study argues. While being successful in bringing down costs of greenhouse gas reductions for instance, the concept of profit maximization alone does not suffice to avoid the tipping of critical elements in the Earth system which could lead to dramatic changes of our lifelihood. The scientists use mathematical experiments to compare economic optimization to the governance concepts of sustainability and the more recent approach of a safe operating space for humanity. All of these turn out to have their benefits and deficits, yet the profit-maximizing approach shows the greatest likelihood of producing outcomes that harm people or the environment. Find out more...

Key ocean fish can prevail with changes to farmed fish, livestock diets

Thu, 14 Jun 2018 21:38:22 EDT ~ A new study shows that if current aquaculture and agriculture practices remain unchanged into the future, wild forage fish populations likely will be overextended by the year 2050, and possibly sooner. However, making sensible changes in aquaculture and agriculture production would avoid reaching that threshold. Find out more...