Pacific White-sided Dolphins, Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
Taxonomy Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Delphinidae Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
Description & Behavior
Pacific white-sided dolphins, Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Gill, 1865), have short, rounded, thick beaks containing 23-32 small, rounded slightly-curved teeth in each side of their upper and lower jaws. These dolphins are energetic and quite active and are frequently seen leaping, belly flopping, and somersaulting. They are strong, fast swimmers and enthusiastic bow riders, often staying with moving vessels for extended periods.
Pacific white-sided dolphins are attractively marked. Their backs are black and their sides are light gray with thin, white stripes that extend from above the eye along the sides, widening towards the tail; their belly is white. They have black beaks and lips and a black ring around each eye.
Pacific white-sided dolphins' dorsal fins are tall and sharply hooked, and are located at the center of their backs. The leading edge is black and the rear portion is light gray. Their flippers are small and curved and rounded at the tips. Their flukes (tails) are notched in the center.
Pacific white-sided dolphins are often found in large schools or pods of 90-100. The pods are made up of animals of both sexes and all ages. Since they share the same range, they are most commonly seen with northern right-whale dolphins and are often also seen accompanying other dolphins and large whales. They are considered residents in some parts of their range, notably Monterey Bay and off southern California and northwestern Baja California. These resident populations are joined by transient groups from other areas from fall to spring.
World Range & Habitat
Pacific white-sided dolphins, Lagenorhynchus obliquidens, inhabit temperate, coastal waters in the North Pacific, avoiding both tropical or Arctic waters. Their range extends from Amchitka Island in the Aleutians, to the Gulf of Alaska south along the coast of North America to the tip of Baja California. They are also found off the coast of Asia from the Kuril Islands to Japan. They are abundant in Japanese waters with estimates of 30,000-50,000 in that area.
Feeding Behavior (Ecology)
Pacific white-sided dolphins eat squid and small schooling fishes such as anchovies, herring, sardines, and hake. It is believed they feed largely at night.
Pacific white-sided dolphins of both sexes reach sexual maturity when they are 1.8 m in length, but this can vary according to geographical location. Length at birth is 80-95 cm; gestation period is estimated to be 9-12 months.
Conservation Status & Comments
This species is no longer commercially hunted in the United States. Some are taken for food in Japan's coastal fishery. They are difficult to catch, however, and the numbers taken are not thought to be a threat to the total population in Japanese waters. A few have been captured for display in aquariums, and unknown numbers have been accidentally killed in drift and gillnets. Population figures are yet unknown.
References & Further Research
Research Lagenorhynchus obliquidens » Barcode of Life ~ BioOne ~ Biodiversity Heritage Library ~ CITES ~ Cornell Macaulay Library [audio / video] ~ Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) ~ ESA Online Journals ~ FishBase ~ Florida Museum of Natural History Ichthyology Department ~ GBIF ~ Google Scholar ~ ITIS ~ IUCN RedList (Threatened Status) ~ Marine Species Identification Portal ~ NCBI (PubMed, GenBank, etc.) ~ Ocean Biogeographic Information System ~ PLOS ~ SCIRIS ~ SIRIS ~ Tree of Life Web Project ~ UNEP-WCMC Species Database ~ WoRMS
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